Worsthorne Primary School
Safeguarding and Child Protection Policy
The purpose of this safeguarding policy is to ensure every child who is a registered pupil at our school is safe and protected from harm. This means we will always work to:
- Protect children and young people at our school from maltreatment;
- Prevent impairment of our children’s and young people’s health or development;
- Ensure that children and young people at our school grow up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care;
- Undertake that role so as to enable children at our school to have the best outcomes.
This policy will give clear direction to staff, volunteers, visitors and parents about expectations and our legal responsibility to safeguard and promote the welfare of all children at our school.
Our school fully recognises the contribution it can make to protect children from harm and to support and promote the welfare of all children who are registered pupils at our school.
This policy applies to all pupils, staff, parents, governors, volunteers and visitors.
This policy should be read in conjunction with the School’s Safeguarding Portfolio.
|Statutory Guidance||· Education Act 2002: Section 175 of the Education Act 2002 requires local education authorities and the governors of maintained schools and further education (FE) colleges to make arrangements to ensure that their functions are carried out with a view to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children.|
· Section 157 of the same act and the Education (Independent Schools Standards) (England) Regulations 2003 require proprietors of independent schools (including academies and city technology colleges) to have arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of children who are pupils at the school.
· Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018 sets out organisational responsibilities for schools and colleges and this applies to maintained, independent, academies, free schools and alternative non provision academies
· Keeping children safe in education 2018: Statutory guidance for schools and colleges 2016 was issued under Section 175 of the Education Act 2002, the Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2014 and the Education (Non-Maintained Special Schools) (England) Regulations 2011. This contains information on what schools and colleges should do and sets out the legal duties with which schools must comply
|Ethos||Worsthorne Primary School recognises that high self-esteem, confidence, peer support and clear lines of communication with trusted adults helps all children, especially those at risk of, or suffering abuse. We therefore ensure that:|
· ALL staff, volunteers and governors contribute to an ethos where children feel secure and safe
· ALL children have opportunities to communicate and know that they are listened to
· ALL children’s wishes, feelings and views will be taken into account when decisions are being made about how to keep them safe
· ALL children know that they can communicate with any adult in school if they are worried or in difficulty
· ALL staff and volunteers will contribute to providing a curriculum which will equip children with the skills they need to stay safe and be able to communicate when they do not feel safe
· ALL staff and volunteers will contribute to providing a curriculum which will help children develop an attitude which will enable them to enter adulthood successfully and reach their full potential
· ALL staff, volunteers and governors will establish effective, supportive and positive relationships with parents, carers, pupils and professionals
|Roles & Responsibilities|
|Worsthorne Primary School is committed to providing the relevant personnel with clear and explicit roles and responsibilities to ensure accountability when safeguarding children. We therefore ensure that:|
All adults, including volunteers, working in or on behalf of the school will:
· Demonstrate an understanding that safeguarding is everyone’s responsibility
· Maintain and demonstrate a mind set of “it could happen here”
· Do all they can within the capacity of their role, to keep ensure that children are protected from harm
· Do all they can within the capacity of their role, to ensure that children grow up in circumstances consistent with safe and effective care
· Do all they can within the capacity of their role, to ensure that children have the best outcomes
The Governing Body will:
· Ensure that the policies, procedures and training in Worsthorne Primary School are effective and comply with the law at all times
· Ensure that safeguarding policies and procedures are followed by all staff
· Put in place safeguarding responses in cases where children go missing from education
· Appoint a DSL and back-ups and ensure that they are provided with appropriate support, funding, resources and time to carry out their role
· Ensure the school or college contributes to inter-agency working in line with statutory guidance Working together to safeguard children 2018
· Ensure that safeguarding procedures take into account local guidance including Risk Management Toolkit and Lancashire Continuum of Need and Thresholds Guidance
· Ensure that staff members undergo safeguarding training at induction
· Ensure that DSLs and all staff, volunteers and Governors are trained and updated regarding safeguarding regularly in compliance with Keeping Children Safe in Education 2018
· ensure that children are safe online by ensuring that appropriate filters and monitoring systems are in place
· ensure that children are taught about safeguarding
· prevent people who pose a risk of harm from working with children
· ensure there are procedures in place to handle allegations against teachers, headteachers, principals, volunteers and other staff
· ensure staff in school are aware of, and policies reflect, an understanding of specific issues such as peer on peer abuse and safeguarding children with disabilities and special educational needs
· ensure that all practice and procedures operate with the best interests of the child at their heart
· appoint a designated teacher to promote the education of CLA
· ensure that all staff are aware of safeguarding issues and vulnerabilities associated with CLA
The DSLs will:
|Induction, Training & Updates||Worsthorne Primary School is committed to providing staff and volunteers with the skills and knowledge needed to safeguard children. We therefore ensure that:|
|Worsthorne Primary School is committed to PREVENTING abuse, PROTECTING children from abuse and SUPPORTING those involved in cases of abuse. We therefore ensure that:|
|Child in Need||Worsthorne Primary School is committed to ensuring the appropriate level of support is offered to a “Child in Need” and their family. We therefore ensure that:|
· DSLs will make a Section 17 referral to Children’s Social Care where Early Help has not been successful in reducing risk and meeting unmet needs using Lancashire Continuum of Need and Thresholds Guidance and CSC referral form
· DSLs will make a Section 17 referral to Children’s Social Care where there is evidence that the Level 3 threshold has been met on the Continuum of Need
· this will be determined and assessed by the DSL using the Lancashire Continuum of Need and Thresholds Guidance and the Risk Management Toolkit
· DSLs will obtain parental consent for the referral and for information to be shared, prior to contacting Children’s Social Care
· when consent is not given, DSLs will continue to offer Early Help with consent, gather evidence of engagement or lack thereof, disguised compliance, impact on the child, increase in risk or level of unmet need, improvements or deteriorations
· DSLs will review such cases regularly and assess whether there is evidence that meets Level 4 threshold on the Continuum of Need. In such cases Child Protection Procedures will be followed
|Early Help||Worsthorne Primary School is committed to providing our families with the right help at the right time. |
Any child may benefit from early help, but all school and college staff should be particularly alert to the potential need for early help for a child who:
• is disabled and has specific additional needs;
• has special educational needs (whether or not they have a statutory education, health and care plan);
• is a young carer;
• is showing signs of being drawn in to anti-social or criminal behaviour, including gang involvement and association with organised crime groups;
• is frequently missing/goes missing from care or from home;
• is misusing drugs or alcohol themselves;
• Is at risk of modern slavery, trafficking or exploitation;
• is in a family circumstance presenting challenges for the child, such as substance abuse, adult mental health problems or domestic abuse;
• has returned home to their family from care;
• is showing early signs of abuse and/or neglect;
• is at risk of being radicalised or exploited;
• is a privately fostered child.
We therefore ensure that:
|Worsthorne Primary School is committed to keeping our children safe from specific forms of abuse. We therefore ensure that:|
ALL staff and volunteers understand that there are specific and emerging ways in which children can be abused, such as:
Radicalisation refers to the process by which a person comes to support terrorism and forms of extremism, there is no single way of identifying an individual who is likely to be susceptible to an extremist ideology.
· ALL staff and volunteers will have ‘due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism’, known as the ‘Prevent Duty’
· ALL staff and volunteers will have a general understanding of how to identify a child who may be at risk of radicalisation
· ALL staff and volunteers will use professional judgement in identifying children who might be at risk of radicalisation and act proportionately
· The school Online Safety Policy will ensure the safety of children by ensuring they cannot access terrorist and extremist material when using the internet and that suitable filtering software is in place
· DSLs understand when it is appropriate to make a referral to the Channel Panel
Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people may receive something (e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, gifts or simply affection) as a result of engaging in sexual activities. The perpetrator will not only groom the victim (possibly over a long period of time) but will always hold some kind of power which increases as the exploitative relationship develops. Sexual exploitation involves a degree of coercion, intimidation or enticement, including unwanted pressures from peers to have sex, sexual bullying including on line bullying (cyberbullying) and grooming. It is important to recognise that some young people who are being sexually exploited do not exhibit any external signs of this abuse.
· The school curriculum (whereby sexual relationships/PSHE is delivered) will include relevant information around the risks associated with CSE
· The school Online Safety Policy will ensure the safety of children by ensuring they cannot access inappropriate material when using the internet and that suitable filtering software is in place
Honour Based Violence (HBV) ‘A crime or incident, which has or may have been committed, to protect or defend the honour of the family and/or community’. (ACPO Working Definition 2008) ALL staff and volunteers will have a general understanding of how to identify a child who may be at risk of Honour Based Violence.
Forced Marriage is one whereby one or both parties do not consent to marriage but are forced to do so through violence, threats or any form of coercion. Schools play an important role in safeguarding children from being forced to marry.
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is encompassed within the term Honour Based Violence
· ALL staff and volunteers are aware of the “one chance rule” and will report all cases of suspected Honour Based Violence to the DSL immediately
· FGM is illegal in the UK and a form of child abuse with long-lasting harmful consequences
· ALL staff need to be alert to the possibility of when a female pupil may be at risk of FGM or when it may have been conducted on them
· Whilst all staff should speak to the designated safeguarding lead (or deputy) with regard to any concerns about female genital mutilation (FGM), there is a specific legal duty on teachers. If a teacher, in the course of their work in the profession, discovers that an act of FGM appears to have been carried out on a girl under the age of 18, the teacher must report this to the police.
Modern Slavery The Modern Slavery Act 2015 places a new statutory duty on public authorities, including schools, to notify the National Crime Agency (NCA) (section 52 of the Act) on observing signs or receiving intelligence relating to modern slavery. The public authority (including schools) bears this obligation where it has ‘reasonable grounds to believe that a person may be a victim of slavery or human trafficking’.
Peer on Peer Abuse occurs when a young person is exploited, bullied and / or harmed by their peers who are the same or similar age; everyone directly involved in peer on peer abuse is under the age of 18.
This is most likely to include, but may not be limited to:
• bullying (including cyberbullying);
• physical abuse such as hitting, kicking, shaking, biting, hair pulling, or otherwise causing physical harm;
• sexual violence and sexual harassment;
• sexting (also known as youth produced sexual imagery); and
• initiation/hazing type violence and rituals.
· ALL staff and volunteers understand that children can abuse other children
· ALL staff and volunteers will inform the DSL of suspected peer abuse and record in line with schools recording policy
· Peer on peer abuse will be taken as seriously as any other form of abuse
· All staff understand that abuse is abuse and should never be tolerated or passed off as “banter”, “just having a laugh” or “part of growing up
· All staff will understand that pupils with SEND are more prone to peer group isolation and school will have extra pastoral support to address this.
· Physical abuse between peers will be managed under the school’s Behaviour Policy
· Emotional abuse between peers will be managed under the school’s Anti-Bullying Policy
· Harmful sexual behaviour will be identified and managed using the Brook Traffic Light Tool and with support and guidance from LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer
· Sexting will be managed on a case by case basis using national and local guidance and advice from LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer – Link to Government Sexting Guidance
· In cases of suspected or actual peer on peer abuse a risk assessment will be undertaken and appropriate and proportionate control measures put in place to manage and reduce risk. Seek advice from LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer
· Referrals to Children’s Social Care, Police and/or other appropriate agencies will be made where thresholds are met
· DSLs understand that regarding peer on peer abuse, the victim and the perpetrator are likely to have unmet needs and require support and assessment to determine these.
· The DSL will assess on a case-by-case basis, supported by children’s social care and the police if required to ensure the most appropriate response for the children / young people involved.
The DSL will consider:
• the wishes of the victim in terms of how they want to proceed
• the nature of the alleged incident
• the ages of the children involved
• the development stages of the children involved
• any power imbalance between the children
• is the incident a one-off or a sustained pattern of abuse
• are there ongoing risks to the victim, other children, school or college staff
• contextual safeguarding issues
Following a report of sexual violence, the designated safeguarding lead (or deputy) will make an immediate risk and needs assessment, considering:
• the victim
• the alleged perpetrator
• all other children (and if appropriate adult students and staff).
Risk assessments will be recorded and kept under review as a minimum termly.
Children Missing from Education can be a potential sign of abuse or neglect including sexual exploitation, undergoing female genital mutilation, forced marriage or travelling to conflict zones.
· ALL staff and volunteers follow school procedures when a child misses education particularly on repeat occasions to help identify the risk of abuse and neglect
· The school Attendance Policy is up to date, reviewed annually and includes reference to CME
· There is an admissions policy and an attendance register
· The Local Authority is informed of any pupil who fails to attend school regularly, or has been absent without the schools permission for a continuous period of 10 school days or more
· where reasonably possible schools and colleges should hold more than one emergency contact number for their pupils and students.
· All staff will be aware that children going missing from education can be a warning sign of safeguarding considerations and act on these in line with the policy
Other vulnerable categories
– All staff will have read Annex A of Keeping Children Safe in Education and be aware of specific forms of abuse and safeguarding issues and vulnerable groups of children including;
– Children in the Court system;
– Children with family members in prison
– Child Criminal Exploitation (County Lines)
For all specific safeguarding issues, DSLs will seek advice from LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer and follow national and local guidance that can be accessed in the School’s Safeguarding Portfolio:
· Sexting in schools and colleges: responding to incidents and safeguarding young people
|Worsthorne Primary School is committed to keeping pupils safe online. We therefore ensure that:|
· ALL staff and volunteers understand that children can be harmed online via hurtful and abusive messages, enticing children to engage in age inappropriate conversations, sharing and production of indecent images or encouraging risk taking behaviour
· The school’s Online Safety Policy details how we keep pupils safe when using the internet and mobile technology
· Online bullying by pupils, via texts and emails, will be treated as seriously as any other type of bullying and will be managed through our Anti-bullying / Behaviour Policy
· There is a clear and explicit procedure for dealing with mobile phones that are brought into school by children
· DfE advice; Searching, Screening and Confiscation is followed where there is a need to search a pupil for a mobile device
· When school become aware of an online safety issue that has occurred outside of school, it is managed in accordance with the school Online Safety Policy
· The school has appropriate filters and monitoring systems in place regarding use of internet (3G and 4G) in school – these should be detailed in the Online Safety Policy.
|Worsthorne Primary School is committed to recording all matters relating to the welfare of children in a relevant format. We therefore ensure that:|
|Worsthorne Primary School is committed to keeping pupils safe by ensuring that adults who work or volunteer in school are safe to do so. We therefore ensure that:|
· when an issue is declared, advice will be sought from Ofsted about the need to apply for a waiver. If a waiver is necessary, a risk assessment will be carried out and proportionate measures put in place until a waiver has been issued or matters resolved otherwise email@example.com
|Allegations of abuse |
|Worsthorne Primary School understands that when an allegation is made against a member of staff and volunteers, set procedures must be followed. We therefore ensure that:|
· all staff and volunteers are aware of the requirement to, and process of referring allegations against staff to the headteacher
· all staff and volunteers are aware of the requirement to, and process of referring allegations against the headteahcer to the nominated Governor
· The headteacher and/or Chair of Governors will discuss the allegation with the Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO)
· LSCB procedures for dealing with allegations against staff will be followed http://panlancashirescb.proceduresonline.com/chapters/p_allegations.html
· All staff and volunteers remember that the welfare of the child is paramount and that they have a duty to inform the DSL if any adult’s conduct gives cause for concern
· All concerns of poor practice or possible child abuse by staff and volunteers should be reported to the headteacher.
· Complaints about the headteacher should be reported to the Chair of Governors
· All staff are aware of the school’s Whistleblowing Policy which enables staff to raise concerns or allegations in confidence and for a sensitive enquiry to take place
|Worsthorne Primary School is committed to keeping pupils safe by ensuring that visitors to school do not pose a risk to children at our school. We therefore ensure that:|
|Cameras, Mobile Phones and Devices|| (The Early Years Foundation Stage, EYFS 2014)|
Worsthorne Primary School is committed to keeping pupils safe by ensuring that electronic devices such as cameras, phones and tablets are used in an appropriate manner. School will therefore ensure that:
· parental consent is obtained to take and use photographs and/or videos of children
· parental consent is obtained for photographs to be taken by the media for use in relation to promoting or publishing the school
· separate parental consent is obtained if any other agency requests to take photographs of any child
· parental consent will be valid for 5 years but may be sought more regularly at the discretion of the headteacher
· images will be uploaded to, and stored in a secure place for a relevant amount of time, this may be for longer than the child is at school if appropriate
· photographs and videos of children are only taken to provide evidence of their achievements for developmental records or for other school related purposes
· staff, visitors, volunteers and students do not use their own mobile phones to take or record any images of children
· the school’s digital camera/s or memory cards must not leave the school setting unless this is agreed by the headteacher for official school business
· photos are printed/uploaded in the setting by staff and once done images are t immediately removed from the cameras memory
· parents are reminded frequently of the risks associated with posting images of children to social media
· parents are reminded frequently that they are not permitted to distribute or post images that contain children other than their own
· staff, volunteers and visitors will not use mobile phones in toilet or changing areas
· The Code of Conduct and/or Acceptable Use/Behaviour Policy will outline when and where staff, volunteers and visitors can use their mobile phones
· ALL staff, volunteers and visitors will adhere to the above policies and failure to do so will be addressed appropriately by the headteacher and/or the Governing Body
· Pupils’ use of mobile phones and other devices will be managed under the school’s Home/School Agreement/Acceptable Use/Behaviour Policy/Online Safety Policy/Mobile Phone Policy
· DFE Advice; Searching, Screening and Confiscation is followed where there is a need to search a pupil for a mobile device
|Review Dates||Policy adopted by the Governing Body on:||May 2019|
|Policy to be reviewed no later than:||May 2020|
|Key Personnel and Training Details||Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL)|| |
|Date DSL Training Attended|
|Back-up/Deputy DSL(s)||Justine North|
|Date DSL Training Attended|
|Date Prevent/WRAP training attended|
|Date safeguarding training attended (state type of training)|| |
|Chair Of Governors|
|Date safeguarding training attended (state type of training)||Level 1 – training for all governors|
|Date safeguarding training attended (state type of training)||24.05.2017|
LA Safeguarding Governor Training
|Useful Contacts||LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer||Tammy Tywang 01772 531196|
|Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO)||Tim Booth / Shane Penn / Donna Green – 01772 536694|
|Education Early Support Co-ordinators||Jenny Ashton 01772 531643 firstname.lastname@example.org|
Matt Chipchase 01254 220989 email@example.com
|Lancashire Children’s Social Care||0300 1236720|